1908 and rutherford and radiometric dating
He decided to go to the University of Cambridge in the United Kingdom to work in J. Rutherford’s research work was remarkably advanced for such a young man, impressing Thomson enormously.In 1898, when a chair in physics came up at Montreal’s Mc Gill University, Thomson recommended Rutherford should be appointed to it.And so in 1898 Rutherford sailed to Canada, taking up a professorship, aged just 27.At Mc Gill he carried out the work which led to his 1908 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. Thomson’s retirement as the Cavendish Professor of Experimental Physics at the University of Cambridge.The huge amount of energy carried by alpha particles should have allowed them to travel through a small amount of air undisturbed, with no deflection.He gave Geiger and Marsden the task of investigating to what extent alpha particles would be deflected from their usual straight-line path by passing through a very thin sheet of gold foil.He also began the science of radiometric dating – using the products of radioactive decay to find out how old things are.After his move to the University of Manchester, Rutherford and two of his researchers – Hans Geiger and Ernest Marsden – carried out in 1909 one of the landmark experiments in science – the gold foil experiment.
He attended high school at Nelson College, in the small town of Nelson, where his boarding fees were funded by a scholarship.
In 1907, after nine years at Mc Gill, Rutherford sailed back to the UK, where he had been appointed to the University of Manchester’s Chair of Physics. Rutherford, his old student, now aged 48, was appointed as his replacement.
Starting in 1898 Rutherford studied the radiation emitted by uranium.
Ernest Rutherford is the father of nuclear chemistry and nuclear physics.
He discovered and named the atomic nucleus, the proton, the alpha particle, and the beta particle.